Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a group of rare neurological diseases that mainly involve the nerve cells (neurons) responsible for controlling voluntary muscle movement. Voluntary muscles produce movements like chewing, walking, and talking. The disease is progressive, meaning the symptoms get worse over time. Currently, there is no cure for ALS and no effective treatment to halt, or reverse, the progression of the disease. ALS belongs to a wider group of disorders known as motor neuron diseases, which are caused by gradual deterioration (degeneration) and death of motor neurons. Motor neurons are nerve cells that extend from the brain to the spinal cord and to muscles throughout the body. These motor neurons initiate and provide vital communication links between the brain and the voluntary muscles. Messages from motor neurons in the brain known as upper motor neurons are transmitted to motor neurons in the spinal cord and to motor nuclei of brain called lower motor neurons and from the spinal cord and motor nuclei of brain to a particular muscle or muscles. In ALS, both the upper motor neurons and the lower motor neurons degenerate or die, and stop sending messages to the muscles. The muscles gradually weaken, start to twitch (called fasciculation’s), and waste away (atrophy). Eventually, the brain loses its ability to initiate and control voluntary movements. Early symptoms of ALS usually include muscle weakness or stiffness. Gradually all muscles under voluntary control are affected, and individuals lose their strength and the ability to speak, eat, move, and even breathe. Most people with ALS die from respiratory failure, usually within 3 to 5 years from when the symptoms first appear. However, about 10 percent of people with ALS survive for 10 or more years. No cure has yet been found for ALS. However, there are treatments available that can help control symptoms, prevent unnecessary complications, and make living with the disease easier. Supportive care is best provided by multidisciplinary teams of health care professionals such as physicians; pharmacists; physical, occupational, and speech therapists; nutritionists; social workers; respiratory therapists and clinical psychologists; and home care and hospice nurses. These teams can design an individualized treatment plan and provide special equipment aimed at keeping people as mobile, comfortable, and independent as possible.

By – HOD – : Dr Mohammed Aslam
Department – Dept. of Physiotherapy
UCBMSH Magazine – (YouthRainBow)
UCBMSH WEBSITE – Uttaranchal (P.G.) College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital
UCBMSH B.ED WEBSITE – Uttaranchal College of Education
UCBMSH NURSING WEBSITE – College Of Nursing UCBMSH
REGISTRATION – Apply Online
For any queries & Admission Call at: 8192007210,  8192007206, 9319924110, 8191007033

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *