Anatomy trains are a group of myofascial meridians that run through the entire body.
It maps the longitudinal functional chains that transmit forces and create structural or postural compensation.
We have 5 anatomy trains, namely
Superficial Back line
Superficial front line
Deep frontal line
- The superficial back line – it connects and protects the entire posterior surface of the body from the bottom of the foot to the top of head in two pieces -toe s to knees, and knees to brow. When the knees are extended, as in standing, the SBL functions as one continuous line of integrated myofascial.
It connects plantar fascia, gastrocnemius, hamstrings, Sacro tuberous ligament, thoracolumbar fascia, erector spinae, nuchal ligament, scalp fascia.
- 2. The superficial front line – It connects the entire anterior surface of the body from the top of the feet to the side of the skull in two pieces – toes to pelvis and pelvis to head which ,when hip is extended as in standing , function as one continuous line of integrated myofascial .
It connects anterior compartment and periosteum of tibia, rectus femoris, pectoralis and sternalis fascia and sternocleidomastoid. This extends when we bend backwards.
- The lateral line – connects each side of the body from the medial and lateral mid-point of the foot around the outside of the ankle and up the lateral aspect of the leg and thigh , passing along the trunk in a shoelace pattern under the shoulder to the skull in the region of the ear.
It connects peroneal muscle, IT band, tensor fascia late/ gluteus, external and internal oblique, deep quadratus lumborum, internal & external intercostal, splenius, iliocostalis, sternocleidomastoid and scalenus.
- The spiral line – it loops around the body in a double helix, joining each side of the skull across the upper back to the opposite shoulder, and then around the ribs to cross in the front at the level of the navel to the same hip.
It connects splenius capitols, rhomboids, serratus anterior, external and internal oblique, TFL, IT band, anterior tibialis, peroneus longus, bicep femoris, sacral fascia and erector spinae.
- 5. The deep front line – it includes many of the deeper and more obscure supporting muscles of our anatomy. It is present between the Superficial Front Line and Superficial Back Line in the sagittal plane and surrounded by the helical Spiral and Functional Lines.
It connects posterior tibialis, interosseous membrane, knee capsule, adductor hiatus, intermuscular septum, femoral triangle, psoas, anterior longitudinal ligament, diaphragm, pericardium, mediastinum, parietal pleura, fascia prevertebral is and scalene.
The Function of these anatomy train is to resolve complex movement patterns and postural patterns.