The heart works as a pump to circulate the blood throughout the body cell, tissue & body organs to work therefore the blood pressure is the measure of the pressure circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels((Arteries or Veins ) Most of this pressure is due to work done by the heart by pumping blood through the circulatory system. Therefore, blood pressure usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation, which is produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle.
Systolic pressure it is measured after the heart contracts and is highest
Diastolic pressure it is measured before the heart contracts and lowest.
Normal resting blood pressure, in an adult is approximately 120 millimeters of mercury systolic, and 80 millimeters of mercury diastolic, abbreviated “120/80 mmHg”. Systolic blood pressure is the highest blood pressure when the heart is squeezing and pushing the blood round the body therefore it is more important than diastolic blood pressure (lowest blood pressure) between heart beats because it gives the best idea of our risk of heart pressure. An increase in normal pressure is known as Hypertension which occurs in two stages
Hypertension Stage 1-Hypertension Stage 1 is when blood pressure consistently ranges from 130-139 systolic or 80-89 mm Hg diastolic. At this stage of high blood pressure, doctors are likely to prescribe lifestyle changes and may consider adding blood pressure medication based on our risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), such as heart attack or stroke.
Hypertension Stage 2-Hypertension Stage 2 is when blood pressure consistently ranges at 140/90 mm Hg or higher. At this stage of high blood pressure, doctors are likely to prescribe a combination of blood pressure medications and lifestyle changes.
Equipment to measure the blood pressure- A sphygmomanometer, also known as a blood pressure meter, blood pressure monitor, or blood pressure gauge, is a device used to measure blood pressure, composed of an inflatable cuff to collapse and then release the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner, and a mercury or aneroid manometer to measure the pressure. The exact blood pressure can be checked by a doctor, by a nurse, by an expert technician or by a medical professional only.
Treatment for Hypertension- There are so many treatments to control the hypertension, some are as follow:
- Exercise most days of the week. Exercise is the most effective way to lower the blood pressure including walking.
- Consume a low-sodium diet. Too much sodium (or salt) causes blood pressure to rise.
- Limit alcohol intake to no more than 1 to 2 drinks per day, if a person cannot live without alcohol.
- Keep stress free or do reduction in stress, try to keep cool and calm