Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic condition that affects the muscles, leading to muscle wasting that gets worse over time. DMD occurs primarily in males, though in rare cases may affect females. The symptoms of DMD include progressive weakness and loss (atrophy) of skeletal and heart muscles. Early signs of DMD may include delayed ability to sit, stand, or walk and difficulties learning to speak. Muscle weakness is usually noticeable in early childhood. Most children with DMD use a wheelchair by their early teens. Heart and breathing problems also begin in the teen years and lead to serious & life threatening complications. DMD is caused by genetic changes (DNA variants) in the DMD gene. DMD is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern and may occur in people who do not have a family history of DMD.  There is no known cure for DMD but there are treatments that can help  to control the symptoms.                           Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), a milder form of muscular dystrophy, is also caused by DNA variants in the DMD gene.  There is no known cure for Duchene muscular dystrophy (DMD). Treatment is based on controlling the symptoms of DMD and related complications caused by severe progressive muscle weakness and loss. Medications such as steroids may improve the strength and function of muscles. Additional medications are available for people with DMD with a specific DNA variant These can help improve muscle strength and function. An enlarged, weakened heart (dilated cardiomyopathy) may be treated with medications, but in severe cases, a heart transplant may be necessary. Assistive devices for breathing difficulties may be needed, especially at night and as the disease progress. Specialists who may be involved in the care of someone with DMD  may include : Neurologist , Orthopeadics , Cardiologist , Pulmonologist (lung specialist) ,Genetics specialist , Physical therapist , Occupational therapist .

By – HOD – : Dr Mohammed Aslam
Department – Dept. of Physiotherapy
UCBMSH Magazine – (YouthRainBow)
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