Glaucoma

It is an eye condition that causes blindness. Glaucoma causes due to the damage of optic nerve with increase in the eye pressure. Glaucoma causes due to the damage of the optic nerve with increase in the eye pressure which is mainly due to the blockage of schlemm’s canal located in anterior part of the eye which irresponsible for the drainage of the aqueous humor. As per the statistics there are more than 1 million cases per year in India. The reason of glaucoma is a threat is that it cannot be curable, it is only preventable, and once it causes blindness vision cannot be regained. Glaucoma mainly of two types open angle & close angle glaucoma. And the reason of concern is the open one as the patient feels fine & is unaware about the changes in vision at first because the initial loss of vision is of side & the sharpness of vision is maintained until late in the disease.


Without the treatment it causes Permanent blindness within a few years. As the blindness is permanent the only way is to prevent the remaining vision of the patient which is treated with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, or combination of these methods. The high intake of vitamin through diet sources, including green leafy vegetables reduces the risk of glaucoma. But B complex supplements, including folic acid, vitamin B6 & vitamin B12, don’t appear to offer the same benefit.

DO & DON’T if you have glaucoma: 

 

DO DO Not
Eat-eye friendly food & balanced meal Have a sedentary lifestyle
Elevate your head Balanced meal
Take medication & visit doctor regularly Smoke

The presently treatment can only slow the process of vision loss but it could not cure it. Angle closure glaucoma is medical emergency & its symptoms include eye pain with nausea & sudden visual disturbances.

By -STUDENT – –Ms. Tanya Gupta
Department – OPTOMETRY
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