Bleeding due to breaking of blood vessels either outside the body or inside the body is known to be HEMORRHAGE. Hemorrhage in eye due to breaking of blood vessels is called OCULAR HEMORRHAGE.
TYPES OF OCULAR HEMORRHAGE
- Subconjuctival hemorrhage
- Vitreous hemorrhage
- Retinal hemorrhage
SUBCONJUCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE: It is in conjunctiva of the eye- the clear & outer surface of eye which covers the sclera. It has tiny blood vessels which are dilated, if these vessels rupture due to injury or strain, blood gets trapped in the blood vessels and makes a red patch on eye. It doesn’t cause pain or affect vision.
HYPHEMA: It is further named as AC HEMORRHAGE (Anterior Chamber). In this hemorrhage there is involvement of iris and pupil. HYPHEMA usually occurs when there is damage to a tear in iris or pupil it can affect the vision, if left untreated it can cause blindness. It is painful.
RETINAL HEMORRHAGE Sub retinal hemorrhage and Sub macular hemorrhage, these two hemorrhages are the retinal hemorrhage. It is the deeper type of hemorrhage which include
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, RETINAL TEAR, RETINAL DETACHMENT, ARMD, ANEURYSM
VTREOUS HEMORRHAGE It is also the deeper type hemorrhage in the jelly of the eye, damage and broken blood vessels and other complication can cause blood inside the eyeball.