Graves’s eye disease/graves ophthalmopathy related to hypothyroidism in which immune cells attacking the thyroid gland and also attacks the tissues around the eyes results in secretion of an excess amount of thyroid hormone which increases metabolism and cause THYROID EYE DISEASE-TED. The following changes are observed once the Graves Eye disease get started
– Eye muscles & fat start to expand ( inflammation or swelling)
– Bulging of eyes further called staring appearance
– Puffiness around the eyes due to collection of excess amount of fat
– Swollen tissue put on the optic nerve which decreases the vision
– Redness, pain in eye
– Increases pressure inside the eye in socket
Further it may cause
– Fast pulse rate/heart beat
– Fatigues, irritability
– Weight loss
– Loss of hair
– Anxiety, heat intolerance
The patient having GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY are suggested for cold compression, sunglasses, artificial tear.
They are advised to take sleep with their heads elevated to reduce swelling.
If thyroid gland is overactive, antithyroid medication or radiation surgery are standard options (sometimes radiation surgery may make the eye disease worse too).